Dry eye syndrome is among most widely used diagnosed conditions by eye doctors. Recent surveys indicate that men and women suffering from diabetes have an overabundance of than 50% probability of contracting this disorder. Symptoms related to dry eyes include fluctuating vision, burning, itching, scratchy sensation, light sensitivity, redness, and increased eye watering. This condition affects both eyes in many situations. However, many diabetic patients may not are aware that they may be suffering from this problem. Should you be diabetic and facing eye problems, tend not to rush to conclusions yet. Here is what you need to know about the relationship between dry eyes and diabetes, plus the treatments available.
The link between Dry Eyes and Diabetes:
Based on research, most all cases with the dry eye syndrome linked with diabetes occur as a result of three main factors. These are generally:
• Peripheral neuropathy
• Insulin insufficiency
A number of eye complications are accompanied with that relating to diabetes, of which the Watery Eyes Disease is one of the most popular due to improvement in the tear proteins from that relating to the healthy people .Diabetes may damage certain nerves in your body. In the eyes, such damage can block the system that controls tear secretion. During these moments, the lacrimal glands fail to produce sufficient tears, resulting in dry eyes. Insulin deficiency is another symptom related to diabetes. Besides controlling blood sugar, insulin posseses an major effect, on several glands in your body. In the eyes, lacrimal gland metabolism is depending insulin. If you have low insulin in your body, the biomechanical balance with the eyes is disrupted producing ocular dryness. Another results of diabetes is lacrimal gland inflammation which is as a result of abnormal lacrimal secretion. After this gland is inflamed, tear secretion is affected, which ends up in dry eyes.
The first step towards remedying and preventing dry eyes in those with diabetes, is ensuring control over glucose levels. Extremely high blood sugar levels may get a new tear gland and it is response towards dry eyes. Also, increased quantity of glucose inside the blood may get a new quality of tears, which again ends in dry eyes. Studies show that dry eye syndrome is more common in diabetic patients who have poor blood sugar levels control.
Hospital treatment options are conveniently obtainable. Various techniques can be applied, based on the underlying cause. Patients may be treatable with artificial tear supplements, which has been made to provide almost the same qualities as the deficient tear components. Blink Tears Lubricating Eye Drops is one such option. Medications which improve the output of tears inside the lacrimal gland can be taken.
Tear ducts that drain the tears out of your eyes right to the nose can be blocked with the help of tear duct plugs along with laser cautery. This means that the quantity of tears created in your eyes will not drain fast, keeping the eyes lubricated for a longer period.
Patients are also advised to improve cold fish and also other vitamin supplements, that have an increased level of omega-3 essential fatty acids. These nutrients boost the quality and quantity of tears. Other method of controlling this problem include improving the quantity of humidity present in the area environment, if you use moisture goggles and even eyeglasses, which prevent excessive moisture loss through the eyes.
To summarize, the latest research studies are finding the prevalence of Dry Eye Disease in those with Type 2 diabetes
27.7% 1 and because the prevalence of diabetes continues increasing in many countries it is essential for eye care specialists to understand the link between dry eyes and diabetes. This will make sure that such patients are properly diagnosed, treated and managed.
1 Najafi et al, 2013 Dry eye and it is correlation to diabetes microvascular complications in those with diabetes type 2 mellitus, Journal of Diabetes as well as Complications.
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