The general public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone on the subway. There are driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. There isn’t a perfect date for that first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was an extremely complicated system. The first date within the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 along with a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is just a few changing times.
1925 was the year, the location where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified through the city of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places inside the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 plus the following years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was known as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last although not the least, in 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been around the U4 line for two years.
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification took place some time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 generally seems to me being acceptable to Tunnelbohrmaschine.
The midst of the Century
After Wwii, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project of the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it had been targeted at a town of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and also today is not on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public places roads ended up being often solved and only private transport: As in many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as with other cities. The jobs of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. During these years, there is also an unlucky politicization with the subway question, since the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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