The general public transport in Vienna is not alone on the subway. You can find driving busses, trams and the overground train. There isn’t an exact date for that first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It was a really complicated system. The initial date within the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is only a matter of changing times.
1925 was the season, in which the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified from the town of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places within the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the subsequent many years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was termed as a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, around 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently on the U4 line for 2 years.
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification happened a while later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 seems to me to become acceptable to Tunnelbohrmaschine.
The center of the Century
After The second world war, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project from the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it was targeted at an urban area of three to four million inhabitants, and also today just isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public areas roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: As with numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as in other cities. The duties of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. Over these years, there was also an unlucky politicization with the subway question, since the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that the Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion of the centrality of the inner city.
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