People transport in Vienna isn’t alone about the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You don’t have a perfect date for your first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It had been a really complicated system. The very first date in the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something which is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is only a few changing times.
1925 was the season, the location where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified through the town of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places in the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the next years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was called a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last but not the very least, in 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been about the U4 line for 2 years.
I am inclined to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification occurred time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to be acceptable to Vienna underground.
The center of a lifetime
After Wwii, the decission was taken in 1946 to return two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project from the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it had been directed at an urban area of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, as well as today isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public roads was then often solved and only private transport: Such as many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical such as other cities. The jobs with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. Over these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization with the subway question, as the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion of the centrality from the inner city.
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