People transport in Vienna just isn’t alone about the subway. You can find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. You do not have a precise date for the first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a very complicated system. The initial date in the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which can be nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 and a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is simply a few changing times.
1925 was the season, where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified from the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places inside the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the next years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is known as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last however, not the very least, in 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been around the U4 line for two years.
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification took place time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 seems to me to be acceptable to U Bahn Netz Wien.
The Middle of a lifetime
After The second world war, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it absolutely was directed at a city of three or four million inhabitants, and also today just isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public areas roads ended up being often solved in favor of private transport: As in a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical such as other cities. The duties with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. In these years, there was also an unfortunate politicization of the subway question, since the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that the Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion of the centrality with the inner city.
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