People transport in Vienna just isn’t alone around the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You don’t have a precise date for the first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It had been an extremely complicated system. The initial date inside the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which is nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 plus a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is simply a few changing times.
1925 was the season, in which the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified from the city of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places inside the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the following many years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This was termed as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last but not minimal, in the year 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently on the U4 line for just two years.
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification happened some time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 seems to me being acceptable to Wien U Bahn.
The center of the Century
After The second world war, it was decided in 1946 to return two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project of the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it had been aimed at an urban area of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and also today isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the potential for realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public areas roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: As in many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as with other cities. The duties with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. During these years, there is also an unlucky politicization of the subway question, as the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that the Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion of the centrality with the inner city.
To learn more about Vienna underground have a look at the best web portal: look at here