People transport in Vienna is not alone about the subway. There are driving busses, trams and the overground train. There isn’t an exact date for your first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It had been a really complicated system. The very first date in the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system that is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is simply a matter of changing times.
1925 was the entire year, where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified by the city of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places in the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 plus the subsequent years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is called a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last but not the very least, in 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been around the U4 line for 2 years.
I am inclined to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification occurred a while later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to be acceptable to Wien U Bahn.
The center of a lifetime
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it was aimed at a town of three to four million inhabitants, and even today just isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public areas roads was then often solved in favor of private transport: Such as a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical such as other cities. The duties of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. Over these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization with the subway question, because the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion with the centrality with the inner city.
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