People transport in Vienna is not alone around the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. There isn’t a precise date for your first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a really complicated system. The first date inside the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something that is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is simply a few changing times.
1925 was the year, in which the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified by the city of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places in the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 plus the following many years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is known as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route have been operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, in the year 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently about the U4 line for two years.
I am inclined to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels as well as their electrification happened a while later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to be acceptable to U Bahn Plan Wien.
The midst of a lifetime
After Wwii, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project with the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it was aimed at a town of three or four million inhabitants, and also today just isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public places roads ended up being often solved in favor of private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical such as other cities. The jobs of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. In these years, there was clearly also a regrettable politicization from the subway question, as the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that a Viennese subway would cause excessive promotion from the centrality of the inner city.
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