The public transport in Vienna isn’t alone about the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. You don’t have a precise date for that first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a really complicated system. The first date inside the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 plus a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is just a few changing times.
1925 was the year, in which the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified through the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places inside the city. In the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 plus the following several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was called a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last however, not the very least, around 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been around the U4 line for 2 years.
I tend to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification happened time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 seems to me to become acceptable to Vienna underground map.
The center of a lifetime
After World War II, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna by the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it absolutely was directed at a town of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, as well as today is not around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public roads ended up being often solved and only private transport: As with a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as with other cities. The duties of the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. Over these years, there is also an unlucky politicization from the subway question, as the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO and the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion of the centrality from the inner city.
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