People transport in Vienna just isn’t alone about the subway. You will find driving busses, trams as well as the overground train. There isn’t an exact date for the first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a really complicated system. The initial date inside the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something which can be nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 along with a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The difference is only a matter of changing times.
1925 was the year, the location where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified by the town of Vienna. The operation took place, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places in the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 and in the next years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 once the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is known as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last although not the least, in the year 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been about the U4 line for 2 years.
I am inclined to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification occurred some time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 generally seems to me to be acceptable to U-Bahn.
The center of the Century
After The second world war, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union as an official subway network; it was aimed at a town of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and even today is not on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public areas roads ended up being often solved in favor of private transport: Such as many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical such as other cities. The duties with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly to the new bus lines. In these years, there was also an unlucky politicization of the subway question, since the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that the Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion from the centrality of the inner city.
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